City of Springfield, Illinois

James O. Langfelder - Mayor

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Constant & Groves Chevrolet Building

Constant & Groves Chevrolet Building

425 South 4th Street, Springfield, IL

The pair of buildings at 425-431 S. 4th Street is of outstanding significance in interpreting Springfield’s transportation history as it relates to the early and overwhelming acceptance of the automobile in the city. These are the last remaining structures built specifically as automobile dealerships on Springfield’s original “automobile row.” They illuminate the history of the social, physical and cultural changes brought about in Springfield by the automobile in the first half of the twentieth century.

425 S. 4th Street was built circa 1923 for Constant and Groves Chevrolet Dealership. The building is two stories in height and faced with a rough textured or “tapestry” brick common to commercial structures in the second quarter of the 20th Century. This particular sub-type of commercial building is in the category of Broad-front Store or Double Brick-front Store as described by Jan Jennings and Herbert Gottfried in their American Vernacular Interior Architecture, 1870-1940.